All Publications

Books:

    Books:

    • John J. Mearsheimer, Why Leaders Lie: The Truth about Lying in International Politics (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011). Translated into Albanian, Chinese (both simplified and complex characters), German, Greek, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, and Turkish.
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2007). Translated into Arabic, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Farsi, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Japanese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, and Turkish.
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, The Tragedy of Great Power Politics (New York: Norton, 2001). Translated into Chinese, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Romanian, and Serbian. Updated Edition (New York: Norton, 2014).
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, Liddell Hart and the Weight of History (New York: Cornell University Press; London: Brassey's, 1988).
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, Conventional Deterrence (New York: Cornell University Press, 1983).
       
    • Russell Hardin, John J. Mearsheimer, Robert E. Goodin, Gerald Dworkin, eds. Nuclear Deterrence: Ethics and Strategy (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1985). To read the "Introduction," click on the following icon. [pdf]
       

    Articles and Book Chapters:

    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Taiwan's Dire Straits," The National Interest, No. 130 (March/April 2014), pp. 29-39. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, “America Unhinged,” The National Interest, No. 129 (January/February 2014), pp. 9-30. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, “Leaving Theory Behind: Why Simplistic Hypothesis Testing is Bad for IR,” European Journal of International Relations, Vol. 19, No. 3 (September 2013), pp. 427-57. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, “Leaving Theory Behind: Why Hypothesis Testing Has Become Bad for IR,” Faculty Research Working Paper No. RWP13-001, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, January 2013. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Structural Realism," in Tim Dunne, Milja Kurki, and Steve Smith, eds., International Relations Theories: Discipline and Diversity, 3rd Edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), pp. 77-93.
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Introduction," in George F. Kennan, American Diplomacy, expanded ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012), pp.vii-xlvii. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The Future of Palestine: Righteous Jews vs. the New Afrikaners," in Antony Loewenstein and Ahmed Moor, eds., After Zionism: One State for Israel and Palestine, (London: Saqi Books, 2012), pp. 135-153. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Realists as Idealists," Security Studies, Vol. 20, No. 3 (July-September 2011), pp. 424-430. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Asia e Pacifico: ora la Cina sfida davvero gli States," Vita e Pensiero, No. 3 (May/June 2011), pp. 23-31. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Imperial by Design," The National Interest, No. 111 (January/February 2010), pp. 16-34. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The Gathering Storm: China's Challenge to US Power in Asia," The Chinese Journal of International Politics, Vol. 3, No. 4 (Winter 2010). [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Review: The Best and the Brightest," Foreign Affairs, Vol. 89, No. 6 (November/December 2010). [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Australians Should Fear the Rise of China," The Spectator, (October 2, 2010). [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "China vs. USA: Der aufziehende Strum," Blatter fur deutsche und internationale Politik, (October 2010). [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Why Is Europe Peaceful Today," European Political Science, Vol. 9, 2 No. 3 (September 2010). [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Sinking Ship," The American Conservative, August 2010, pp. 10-12. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Structural Realism," in Tim Dunne, Milja Kurki, and Steve Smith, eds., International Relations Theories: Discipline and Diversity, 2nd Edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010), pp.77-94. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Warum herrscht Frieden in Europa?," Leviathan, Vol. 37, No. 4 (December 2009), pp. 519-531. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Reckless States and Realism," International Relations, Vol. 23, No. 2 (June 2009), pp. 241-256. Also published as "Reckless States and Realism," in Ken Booth, ed., Realism and World Politics (New York: Routledge, 2011), pp. 124-40. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Saving Israel from Itself," The American Conservative, May 18, 2009, pp. XXX. [html]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "The Blind Man and the Elephant in the Room: Robert Lieberman and the Israel Lobby," Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 7, No. 02 (June 2009), pp. 259-273. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The Lobby Falters," London Review of Books, Vol. 31, No. 6 (March 26, 2009), p. 22. [html]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "Is It Love or the Lobby? Explaining America s Special Relationship with Israel," Security Studies, Vol. 18, No. 1 (March 2009), pp. 58-78. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Another War, Another Defeat," The American Conservative, January 26, 2009, pp. 6-8. [html]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The U.S. Should Act as an Honest Broker," Palestine-Israel Journal, Vol. 15, Nos. 1 & 2 (2008), pp. 147-152. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Rivalry in the Offing," China Security, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Spring 2008), pp. 9-10. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "The Israel Lobby in the United States," Jordan Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Summer 2008), pp. 35-44. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Structural Realism," in Tim Dunne, Milja Kurki, and Steve Smith, eds., International Relations Theories: Discipline and Diversity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), pp. 71-88. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Forward," in Naoto Yoshikawa and Kazuhiko Noguchi, Perspectives on International Relations (Tokyo: Keiso Text Selection, 2006), pp. i-vi.
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "The Israel Lobby," London Review of Books, Vol. 28, No. 6 (March 23, 2006), pp. 3-12. Reprinted in numerous places. [html] Also see John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "Letters: The Israel Lobby," London Review of Books, Vol. 28, No. 9 (May 11, 2006), pp. 4-5; [html] John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "Letters: The Israel Lobby," London Review of Books, Vol. 28, No. 10 (May 28, 2006), pp. x-xx; [html] and John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "Setting the Record Straight: A response to the Critics of 'The Israel Lobby'," manuscript, Harvard University, December 12, 2006. [pdf] For a comprehensive survey of the debate generated by this piece, see its Wikipedia entry. [html]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy," Faculty Research Working Paper No. RWP06-011, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, March 13, 2006. [pdf] For a revised, updated, and unabridged version, see John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy," Middle East Policy, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Fall 2006), pp. 29-87. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "The War over Israel's Influence," Foreign Policy, No. 155 (July/August 2006), pp. 57-58, 64-66. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "China's Unpeaceful Rise," Current History, Vol. 105, No. 690 (April 2006), pp. 160-162. [pdfl]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Conversations in International Relations - Interview with John J. Mearsheimer (Part II)," International Relations, Vol. 20, No. 2 (2006), pp. 231-243. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Conversations in International Relations - Interview with John J. Mearsheimer (Part I)," International Relations, Vol. 20, No. 1 (2006), pp. 105-124. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Zu Diesem Buch," in Carlo Masala, Kenneth N. Waltz: Einführung in seine Theorie und Auseinandersetzung mit seinen Kritikern (Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2005). [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq War: Realism versus Neo-Conservatism," opendemocracy.com, posted May 19, 2005. [pdf] Excerpted as "Realism is Right," in The National Interest, No. 81 (Fall 2005), p. 10. Also published as "Hans Morgenthau und der Irakkrieg: Realismus versus Neokonservatismus," in Merkur, Vol. 59, No. 677/678 (September-October 2005), pp. 836-844. Also published as "A Case Study of Iraq - Analogies to Vietnam?" in Christian Hacke, Gottfried-Karl Kindermann, and Kai M. Schellhorn, eds., The Heritage, Challenge, and Future of Realism (Gottingen: V&R Unipress, 2005), pp. 139-148.
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The Mores Isms the Better," International Relations, Vol. 19, No. 3 (September 2005), pp. 354-359. [My response to five pieces responding to my "E.H. Carr vs. Idealism" piece]. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "E.H. Carr vs. Idealism: The Battle Rages On," International Relations, Vol. 19, No. 2 (June 2005), pp. 139-152. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Clash of the Titans," A Debate with Zbigniew Brzezinski on the Rise of China, Foreign Policy, No. 146 (January-February 2005), pp. 46-49. [pdf]  For a transcript of John J. Mearsheimer's opening statement at the debate, held on September 14, 2004, click on the following icon. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Real World," letter published in the New Republic, August 9, 2004, p. 4. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Power and Fear in Great Power Politics," in G.O. Mazur, ed., One Hundred Year Commemoration to the Life of Hans Morgenthau (1904-2004) (New York: Semenenko Foundation, 2004), pp. 184-196. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "A Self-Enclosed World?" in Ian Shapiro, Rogers M. Smith, and Tarek E. Masoud, eds., Problems and Methods in the Study of Politics (New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 388-394. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "An Unnecessary War," Foreign Policy, No. 134 (January-February, 2003), pp. 50-59. Reprinted in Australian Financial Review, Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung (Germany), Prospect (UK), Gazeta Wyborcza (Poland), Magyar Narancs (Hungary), Foreign Policy-Arabic Edition, Foreign Policy-Turkish Edition, Gestion (Ecuador), Opposing Viewpoints: Middle East (Gale Group); and in Micah L. Sifry and Christopher Cerf, eds., The Iraq Reader: History, Documents, Opinions (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2003), pp. 414-424. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "Can Saddam Be Contained? History Says Yes," (Cambridge, MA: Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, November 12, 2002). [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Hearts and Minds," The National Interest, No. 69 (Fall 2002), pp. 13-16. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Realism, the Real World, and the Academy," in Michael Brecher and Frank P. Harvey, eds., Realism and Institutionalism in International Studies (Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 2002), pp. 23-33. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The Future of the American Pacifier," Foreign Affairs, Vol. 80, No. 5 (September/October, 2001), pp. 46-61. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Kissinger's Wisdom ... and Advice," The National Interest, No. 65 (Fall 2001), pp. 123-129. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The Case for Partitioning Kosovo," in Ted Galen Carpenter, ed., NATO's Empty Victory: A Postmortem on the Balkan War (Washington, DC: CATO Institute, 2000), pp. 133-138. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The Aims of Education," and "Teaching Morality at the Margins," in Philosophy and Literature, Vol. 22, No. 1 (April 1998), pp. 137-155 [pdf], 193-198 [pdf].
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The Future of America's Continental Commitment," in Geir Lundestad, ed., No End To Alliance: The United States and Western Europe (New York: St. Martin's, 1998), pp. 221-242. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen Van Evera, "When Peace Means War," New Republic, December 18, 1995, pp. 16-21. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "A Realist Reply," International Security, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Summer 1995), pp. 82-93. [My response to four pieces responding to my "False Promise" piece]. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The False Promise of International Institutions," International Security, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Winter 1994/1995), pp. 5-49. Reprinted in Michael E. Brown et al., eds., The Perils of Anarchy: Contemporary Realism and International Security (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1995), pp. 332-376; Michael E. Brown et al., eds., Theories of War and Peace: An International Security Reader (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998), pp. 329-383; Karen Mingst and Jack Snyder, eds., Essential Readings in World Politics (New York: Norton, 2000); Hans J. Morgenthau, Politics among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace, 7th ed, revised by Kenneth W. Thompson and W. David Clinton (New York: McGraw Hill, pp. 569-585. Originally published as Working Paper No. 10 for the Project on the Changing Security Environment and American National Interests, John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies, Harvard University, November 1994. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "McNamara's War," The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 49, No. 6 (June/July 1993). Review of Deborah Shapley, Promise and Power: The Life and Times of Robert McNamara (New York: Little, Brown, 1993). [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The Case for a Ukrainian Nuclear Deterrent," Foreign Affairs, Vol. 72, No. 3 (Summer 1993), pp. 50-66. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Robert A. Pape, "The Answer: A Three-Way Partition Plan for Bosnia And How the U.S. Can Enforce It," The New Republic, June 14, 1993, pp. 22-28. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Disorder Restored," in Graham Allison and Gregory Treverton, eds., Rethinking America's Security: Beyond Cold War to New World Order (New York: Norton, 1992), pp. 213-237. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Back to the Future: Instability in Europe After the Cold War," International Security, Vol. 15, No. 4 (Summer 1990), pp. 5-56. Reprinted in Sean M. Lynn-Jones, ed., The Cold War and After: Prospects for Peace (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1991), pp. 141-192; Michael E. Brown et al., eds., The Perils of Anarchy: Contemporary Realism and International Security (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1995), pp. 78-129. and Michael E. Brown et al., eds., Theories of War and Peace: An International Security Reader (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998), pp. 3-54. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Correspondence: Back to the Future, Part III: Realism and the Realities of European Security," International Security, Vol. 15, No. 3 (Winter 1990/1991), pp. 219-222. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Correspondence: Back to the Future, Part II: International Relations Theory and Post-Cold War Europe," International Security, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Fall 1990), pp. 194-199. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Why We Will Soon Miss the Cold War," The Atlantic, August 1990, pp. 35-50. Reprinted in numerous places. Also see "Letters to the Editor: The Cold War Reconsidered," The Atlantic, November 1990, pp. 8-16. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Assessing the Conventional Balance: The 3:1 Rule and Its Critics," International Security, Vol. 13, No. 4 (Spring 1989), pp. 54-89. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Correspondence: Reassessing Net Assessment," International Security, Vol. 13, No. 4 (Spring 1989), pp. 128-144. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Numbers, Strategy, and the European Balance," International Security, Vol. 12, No. 4 (Spring 1988), pp. 174-185. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "A Strategic Misstep: The Maritime Strategy and Deterrence in Europe," International Security, Vol. 11, No. 2 (Fall 1986), pp. 3 57. Reprinted in Robert J. Art and Kenneth N. Waltz, eds., The Use of Force, 3rd ed. (New York: University Press of America, 1988), pp. 590-617; and Steven E. Miller and Stephen Van Evera, eds., Naval Strategy and National Security (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988), pp. 47-101. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Prospects for Conventional Deterrence in Europe," The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 41, No. 7 (August 1985), pp. 158 162. Reprinted in Len Ackland and Steven McGuire, eds., Assessing the Nuclear Age (Chicago: Education Foundation for Nuclear Science, 1986), pp. 335-343. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Nuclear Weapons and Deterrence in Europe," International Security, Vol. 9, No. 3 (Winter 1984/1985), pp. 19 46. Reprinted in Hylke Tromp, ed., War in Europe (Aldershot, Eng.: Avebury, 1989), pp. 71-100. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "War in the Modern Great Power System, 1495-1975," Journal of Modern History, Vol. 56, No. 4 (December 1984), pp. 710-711. Review essay of Jack S. Levy, War in the Modern Great Power System, 1495-1975 (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1983). [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The Military Reform Movement: A Critical Assessment," ORBIS, Vol. 27, No. 2 (Summer 1983), pp. 285-300. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Why the Soviets Can't Win Quickly in Central Europe," International Security, Vol. 7, No. 1 (Summer 1982), pp. 3 39. Reprinted in Robert J. Art and Kenneth N. Waltz, eds., The Use of Force, 3rd ed. (New York: University Press of America, 1988), pp. 442-463; and Steven E. Miller, ed., Conventional Forces and American Defense Policy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986), pp. 121-157. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Maneuver, Mobile Defense and the NATO Central Front," International Security, Vol. 6, No. 3 (Winter 1981/1982), pp. 104 122. Reprinted in Steven E. Miller, ed., Conventional Forces and American Defense Policy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986), pp. 231-249. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Correspondence" [regarding the "British Generals Talk"], International Security, Vol. 6, No. 3 (Winter 1981/82), pp. 227 229. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The British Generals Talk," International Security, Vol. 6, No. 1 (Summer 1981), pp. 165 184. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Rejoinder" in "Debate on Precision guided Munitions," Survival, Vol. XXII, No. 1 (January February 1980), pp. 20 22. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Precision guided Munitions and Conventional Deterrence," Survival, Vol. XXI, No. 2 (March April 1979), pp. 68 76. [pdf]
       

    Op-Ed Pieces:

    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Getting Ukraine Wrong," New York Times, March 13, 2014. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "A Pillar Built on Sand," London Review of Books Blog, November 16, 2012. [html]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "Mr. Obama Must Take a Stand Against Israel over Iran," The Financial Times, March 5, 2012. [html]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Obama and the Iron Cage," Counter Punch, May 23, 2011. [html]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Trouble Brewing in the 'hood," Sydney Morning Herald, August 3, 2010. [html]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Israel's Fated Bleak Future," Chicago Tribune, May 9, 2010. Reprinted in Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, Vol. 29, No. 5 (July 2010), pp. 14-15. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Afghanistan: No More the Good War," Newsweek, December 7, 2009. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Hollow Victory," Foreign Policy (online), November 2, 2009. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "LRB Contributors React to War in Gaza," London Review of Books, Vol. 31, No. 2 (January 29, 2009). [html]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Know the Limits of U.S. Power," Newsweek, December 8, 2008. [html]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "Israel's false friends: U.S. presidential candidates aren't doing the Jewish state any favors by offering unconditional support," Los Angeles Times, January 6, 2008. [html]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The Rise of China will Not Be Peaceful at All," The Australian, November 18, 2005. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "Keeping Saddam Hussein in a Box," New York Times, February 2, 2003. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer et al., "War with Iraq Is Not in America's National Interest," New York Times paid advertisement, September 26, 2002. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Guns Won't Win the Afghan War," New York Times, November 4, 2001. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The Impossible Partition," New York Times, January 11, 2001. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "India Needs The Bomb," New York Times, March 24, 2000. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen Van Evera, "Redraw the Map, Stop the Killing," New York Times, April 19, 1999. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "A Peace Agreement That's Bound To Fail," New York Times, October 19, 1998. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Here We Go Again," New York Times, May 17, 1998. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "The Only Exit From Bosnia," New York Times, October 7, 1997. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen Van Evera, "Hateful Neighbors," New York Times, September 24, 1996. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Shrink Bosnia to Save It," New York Times, March 31, 1993. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "Will Iraq Fight or Fold Its Tent? Liberation in Less Than a Week," New York Times, February 8, 1991. [pdf]
       
    • John J. Mearsheimer, "A War the U.S. Can Win - Decisively," Chicago Tribune, January 15, 1991. [pdf]
       

    Updated: March 17, 2014

     
    To view the PDF files available in this page, you have to install Adobe® Acrobat Reader® in your computer. You can download this application for free from the Adobe® website. Please follow the link below.

top

Please report problems viewing this site to the .
© 2005-08 John J. Mearsheimer ®